beanz Magazine

What is Design?

FontFont on Flickr

Design is about solving problems, from donuts to race cars, how we eat to what to wear in cold weather.

Everything we see, touch, and taste in the world is designed. The cars we drive in, the buildings we occupy, the bag of popcorn we stick in the microwave. These are all solutions to design problems: How do we get from one place to another? How do we shelter ourselves? How do we eat?

The fun part about design is that there are so many kinds of design. There’s graphic design, furniture design, web design, car design, book design, all kinds of activities use the word design to describe what they do. Software definitely is designed. Yet what really is design?

When we think of design, likely we think of something polished that requires lots of effort. Your dirty socks are not a design.

But a nice looking web page definitely is a design. So is a beautiful dress. Or an ugly dress if someone spent time thinking about colors and cloth and sewing and who would wear their dress. Not all designs work or please everybody.

So, if design isn’t beauty, or dirty socks, and there are many kinds of design, what is design really?
The dictionary defines design as “a plan or drawing produced to show the look and function or workings of a building, garment, or other object before it is built or made.”

However, design is more than what you have left after the process of thinking, weighing options, trying different things. Design is more than a plan. The creation process actually is a more accurate definition of design: it’s how we identify, define, and solve problems for ourselves and other people.

Design is a fun very human activity. Everybody designs, too. You don’t need permission to solve a problem for yourself. In fact, you do it every day.

Design Examples

When you hear the word design, what do you think of? Here are some examples of design. Can you figure out what problems had to be solved to create each design? Can you figure out what other possible solutions could have been made instead? Design is all about asking questions, listening, building, discussing, and many other activities. It also helps to be a contrarian, someone who thinks differently on purpose. Maybe someone says the sky is blue and they ask why not red? Or green? Sometimes asking odd questions leads to ideas and better designs.

Race Cars

What design problems do race cars have to solve? They have to go fast but how do you make them go fast? And they have to be safe to drive in a race so how do you design a car to be safe? And think of a color you find ugly: what prevents race cars from being that color? Are they painted red for a reason? These are all questions a car designer might think about.


So how DO you design a donut? Could you stay in business if every donut you made was hand crafted and many different sizes? Or if the batter was mixed differently for every donut? Lots of bakers have thought about how to make donuts that taste good but are easy to make and easy to guarantee taste the same. What might you do to design a better donut?


Would you wear a heavy snow coat or a rain coat on the beach in the middle of summer? A coat that keeps you warm at zero degrees has to be thicker than a coat that keeps you comfortable at summer temperatures. Also, do you design for kids, babies, adults, puppies, goldfish? Everyone who might use a snow coat is different. And would you use buttons or zippers? There are lots of questions and decisions involved in designing clothes.

The LAUNCH Cycle

Teachers AJ Juliani and John Spencer developed the Launch Cycle as a way to meld classroom and student needs with design thinking. It’s a great way to think about a process to design solutions to problems.

Learn More

Also In The April 2017 Issue

We all use fonts yet rarely notice they are designed. Here are some interesting details to help you notice fonts.

This iPad app is a creative tool kids can use to explore and record what they learn in school.

Smart software design makes it easy for you to learn how to use it without help.

A new version of a fun Mario-like game that teaches kids coding has been released. Learn HTML and save kittens!

Mark is a designer who also knows a lot about how to use technology to create design.

Design is about solving problems, from donuts to race cars, how we eat to what to wear in cold weather.

Everyone know the difference between saying, “Let’s eat, grandma!” and “Let’s eat grandma!” Computers don't.

The user interface often determines whether or not people can easily use your software.

State is an important concept in computer science as well as our everyday lives.

Links from the bottom of all the April 2017 articles, collected in one place for you to print, share, or bookmark.

Interesting stories about computer science, software programming, and technology for April 2017.

Computers collect garbage the way humans do. Here's how they manage memory space.

Code reviews help programmers improve their code and learn more about the software they build.