What makes a robot fun? What makes a robot educational? Fortunately these two questions share similar answers. It is fun to pick up a robot and immediately begin figuring out how to control it. It is educational to reach the limits of this type of exploration with a desire to learn how to make the robot do even more.
Out of the box, Thymio comes with five pre-programmed motion sensors, each mode represented by its own LED color combination. Press an arrow on top of Thymio to turn it red and it moves away from you, press another arrow to turn it green and Thymio follows you. At the edge of an elevated surface? Proximity sensors on the bottom of Thymio tell it to stop before tumbling down. In fact, Thymio has over 20 sensors including an accelerometer, thermometer, and a microphone.
After clicking the arrows on top of Thymio to discover its 5 pre-programmed modes, you are able to choose from several programming environments to work with on a computer. A good first step is to install Thymio’s free Aceba Studio programming environment. Aceba Studio gives us three programming options: a visual programming language, Blockly, and Aceba’s text-based language.
For the youngest programmers, the visual programming environment allows Thymio to be programmed with drag and drop picture blocks that are completely text-free. This is an event-driven paradigm with an emphasis on cause and effect.
For example, we can first place an image of the four arrows on top of Thymio on the screen and select one of them. Beside this block we can place a second block with sliders to control the red, green, and blue LEDs inside Thymio. By sliding red and blue left (off) and green right (on), we have programmed Thymio to turn green when we press the corresponding arrow on the actual robot.
The second programming option available within Aceba Studio is Blockly, a style of programming similar to MIT’s Scratch language; blocks of code can be dragged onto the screen with minimal reading and typing involved. This also is mainly an event-driven environment, but we get a greater variety of blocks to choose from, including loops and conditional logic.
As we drag these blocks into the programming environment we see the actual code appear on the side of the screen, allowing children to gradually learn bits of text-based programming. When ready, young programmers can skip the blocks and type their algorithms directly into the Aceba Studio programming environment.
In addition to the programming options that Aceba Studio provides, Thymio can be used with two other fun interfaces.
Asebascratch is a relatively new link between Aceba and Scratch. After installing Scratch 2, Adobe Air, and Scratch2-ThymioII, we can open Scratch and find a new group of blocks called More Blocks, specifically for controlling Thymio. This extension gives programmers a familiar way to interact with Thymio, in a language that leads more directly to text-based programming.
A third, relatively new and powerful, interface has been created to program Thymio online. The site is RobotMagic (robotmagic.org), and runs Blockly in the cloud. Although Aceba Studio allows us to program Thymio with Blockly, in RobotMagic we have a more traditional selection of blocks, allowing us to program using a more standard programming paradigm.
To use RobotMagic, we can create a free account, click on My Dashboard, Technology, Thymio Robot, and finally select a world. For starters, try deleting the code that comes with that world. Replace it with one or two simple blocks, such as Move and Turn (both found toward the bottom of the Robot menu). Now choose a number of centimeters for Thymio to move and an angle to turn. Click Run to see the Thymio simulator follow your code. If it works, connect the Thymio robot to your computer and click Run Device. If you have already installed Aceba Studio onto your computer, your Thymio will likely follow the Blockly code, and can run when disconnected from the computer as well.
Like Acebascratch, RobotMagic is still a new product and might take some fiddling with before your robot actually runs from the programming interface. However, once it is setup correctly, RobotMagic extends the power of learning to program with Thymio.
Finally, for those with a knack for building, Thymio is Lego compatible. Lego legs can be added to Thymio’s wheels, and blocks can connect to the top of Thymio as well. WIth a bit of work, you can customize Thymio’s hardware with Legos and its software with code.
Interested in trying out a Thymio? The robot can be purchased from thymio.org, in which case your thymio will be shipped from Switzerland. For a slight increase in cost, Thymio is available from a US distributer, TechyKids. For about $200 Thymio will arrive at your house within a week. Take it out of the box and let the fun begin!
Programming Thymio with Aceba
Thymio Programming using Blockly in Aceba Studio
Connect RobotMagic to Thymio
Thymio with Scratch
Also In The June 2016 Issue
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Links from the bottom of all the June 2016 articles, collected in one place for you to print, share, or bookmark.
Interesting stories about computer science, software programming, and technology for June 2016.